Saturday 31 July 2021

Innovation lab opened.

Ireland's Minister for Rural and Community Development, Heather Humphreys T.D. has officially opened the innovation laboratories facility developed by Údarás na Gaeltachta in gteic@An Spidéal in Co Galway (IRL).  The laboratory facilities have been developed as an innovation facility for businesses located in the digital hub who would be undertaking concept development or product testing. The Minister opened the three laboratories in which two separate companies are currently operating.

Minister Humphereys said how delighted she was to open the innovation laboratories and to see see how the gteic digital hub uses both technology and science to promote remote working. She continued. "This project demonstrates the power of excellent connectivity in attracting high quality businesses to rural communities such as An Spidéal in the Connemara Gaeltacht. Companies such as HiTech Health and Epitheal prove how businesses can grow and develop while working from rural hubs. It shows to no end how proximity to large cities and towns is no longer a prerequisite for a successful business.
Remote Working and the building of a nationwide network of over 400 hubs is a central part of the Government’s Rural Development policy, Our Rural Future. We are delighted to support Údarás na Gaeltachta as its gteic network continues to grow in Gaeltacht areas around the country.”

The innovation laboratories located in gteic@An Spidéal encompass 86 sq metres and are being used for various lab functions providing the perfect eco-system for start-ups. The laboratories are fitted out with water and sink facilities and work benches with ventilation systems that allow for specialised equipment to work effectively in the laboratory. Being equipped to a very high standard allows for Physical, Chemical and DNA analysis in the laboratories and related technical areas and provides excellent facilities to serve the operational needs of HiTech Health and Epitheal, which are both based in the laboratories.

gteic@An Spidéal was developed with substantial part funding approved under the Rural Regeneration and Development Fund in recent years and further funding (over €424,000) announced under the Department of Rural and Community Development’s Connected Hubs Scheme to make improvements to 15 gteic units for energy efficiency upgrades, bike shelters, video conferencing facilities and modern door access technology including other improvement works.

Údarás na Gaeltachta’s Chief Executive Officer Mícheál Ó hÉanaigh also spoke saying: “We are delighted that the innovation laboratories have been officially opened today paving the way for a new type of development at our gteic hubs. These facilities provide added value and opportunities to businesses functioning from the gteic hub. Developments like these will enhance our communities, grow businesses and sustain employment in rural Gaeltacht areas. The funding our organisation has received under RRDF funding has been vital to the expansion of our gteic digital network, a network which has proved to be hugely beneficial to people through the pandemic and will do so for many years to come.”

@UdarasnaG @HHumphreysFG @DeptRCD @HealthHitech #Ireland #Health #Laboratory

Friday 30 July 2021

New product locator.

Mouser Electronics, Inc. is focused on the rapid introduction of new products and technologies, giving customers an edge and helping speed time to market. Over 1,100 semiconductor and electronic component manufacturer brands use Mouser to help them introduce their products into the global marketplace. 

"Mouser's customers can expect 100% certified, genuine products that are fully traceable from each manufacturer." said a spokesman. 

Last month, Mouser launched more than 3,169 products ready for shipment.

Some of the products introduced by Mouser last month include:

"As a global authorized distributor, Mouser offers the world’s widest selection of the newest semiconductors and electronic components — in stock and ready to ship. Mouser’s customers can expect 100% certified, genuine products that are fully traceable from each of its manufacturer partners. To help speed customers’ designs, our website hosts an extensive library of technical resources, including a Technical Resource Center, along with product data sheets, supplier-specific reference designs, application notes, technical design information, engineering tools and other helpful information."

@MouserElecEU @MouserElec #TandM #Electronics

Efficient and consistent inventory management.

Honeywell has announced that its cloud-based Honeywell Enraf® Inventory Calculation Module (HEICM) has been integrated into Royal Vopak’s MyService Terminal Management System (TMS). Developed in cooperation with Royal Vopak, MyService is used at Vopak terminals to facilitate the safe, clean and efficient storage and handling of bulk liquid products and gases.

HEICM was developed using agile software development principles. It accurately calculates inventories and product movement quantities for a massive range of liquid products stored at the sites. All the calculations provided meet major international, recognized standards and publications, including those of American Society for Testing and Materials, American Petroleum Institute and Gas Processors Association.

“Integrating Honeywell's measurement modules with our bespoke MyService software is creating a competitive advantage for Vopak's services,” said Leo Brand, CIO Royal Vopak. “Honeywell’s legal metrology expertise and long experience providing compliant, accurate liquid stock accounting made it an ideal strategic partner for our digital transformation program.”

HEICM will enable Royal Vopak terminals to perform consistent and efficient terminal inventory calculations and compliance-related verifications, contributing to operational excellence.

“We’re pleased our work with Royal Vopak on the HEICM development resulted in a comprehensive calculation engine tailored for the terminal market,” said Rudi van der Kraats, Director Strategic Terminal Accounts Honeywell Process Solutions. “Software-driven, intelligent technologies such as HEICM are part of our strategy to provide a full terminal automation solution.”

Honeywell plans to make HEICM available to other terminal operating companies around the world for similar TMS integrations, as well as a stand-alone/cloud version which can be used by independent surveyors.

@HWusers @honeywell #PAuto 

Thursday 29 July 2021

Towards the perfect loaf!

Bread. Just thinking of the word pushes your olfactory senses to imagine yeast-based delights at the counter of your favorite bakery. But baking the perfect loaf, and in large enough quantities, demands furnaces that accurately control the process from beginning to end. This was precisely the task faced by Mechatronics Ltd., a system integrator and official distributor of Delta Motion, Drive, Control, and Robotics products based in Bulgaria.
“Most people would assume that baking bread is very simple. On the contrary, the bread furnace project has highlighted the skill required of both bakers and engineers to create a machine that delivers the perfect loaf. The auto-tuning function of the DTC1000/2000 played a large part in ensuring that bakers can deliver a quality product every batch, by providing excellent temperature control,” said Victor Ogedegbe, Field Application Engineer at Delta.

The requirements for the bread furnace machine defined four temperature zones. The first zone is especially powerful to compensate for the cooled conveyor belt and the relatively cool loaf entering the oven. At this step, steam is also injected into the furnace to give it that freshly-baked sheen. It is followed by three temperature-controllable baking zones that are carefully controlled for baking the optimal loaf. The conveyor belt of this traveling oven design must also be held at the correct speed throughout the process. Rounding off the specifications was a human-machine interface (HMI) to configure the baking process, deliver temperature status of each zone, and output any error status information.

For the HMI, the team selected the Advanced HMI DOP-107WV from the DOP-100 Series. This touch-based control panel features a 16:9 7” color TFT screen with a modern-looking, narrow frame. Its multilingual support meant it was well-suited for the target market, while user-friendly editing software ensured that the final user interface was easy to navigate. With several RS-485 capable COM ports, it integrated perfectly with the other components selected for the furnace. Considering the operating environment, the flat, wipeable surface of the DOP-107WV proved the ideal choice for a dusty bakery. Control for the conveyor was implemented using an MS300 Series inverter. This AC motor variable frequency drive (VFD) also supported the RS-485 Modbus interface and is ideal for open-loop control of IM and PM motors.

Of course, the quality of the bake is ultimately defined by the furnace. Special attention was given to selecting the optimal control approach for the seven heating elements used. After careful deliberation, the DTC1000 Temperature Controller was selected as the main controller, with DTC2000 controllers used in parallel for the remaining six heaters. These are also connected to the Modbus. The selection of established, reliable components, along with the careful programming, were critical in delivering a low-maintenance design that could be operated 24/7.

To provide optimal temperature regulation, the auto-tuning function of the DTC1000/2000 was used. The inputs are acquired from third-party PT100 temperature sensors while control of the heating elements is implemented with solid-state relays. Auto-tuning uses a training process to configure the closed-loop PID controller once the sensors and heaters are installed in this 250 kW furnace. Further complicating the implementation is the dual heating and sensing of the last three baking zones. With one heater above the conveyor and the other below, each needs to be set to a different temperature. Spare outputs from the Delta Temperature Controllers were available and linked to relays for audible and visible alarm signals. These signals were also replicated in the DOP-107WV HMI.

Closely coupled with the quality of the bake is the speed control of the conveyor belt. The MS300 VFD is linked to an inductive proximity sensor that is easy to clean and remains accurate in the dusty baking environment. Installed closed to the gears, the built-in programmable logic controller (PLC) of the MS300 is configured to monitor and calculate the conveyor speed. This is continuously compared it to the setpoint defined in the HMI. Thus, the end-customer only needs to set the desired baking time, the required temperature, and then press run to start baking.

The Mechatronics Ltd. team benefited from the broad range of industrial automation solutions in the Delta portfolio. Integration of the VFD, HMI, and Temperature Controller was simplified thanks to the out-of-the-box interoperability and connectivity of the components selected.

“Construction of the bread furnace was simplified by the availability of components that are interoperable and fulfilled the requirements demanded by our customers. Accurate temperature control was most critical for us, and the Delta team's support was essential in configuring the DTC1000/2000 auto-tuning function. This assistance contributed to the project moving from the initial design stage to full production in just seven months,” said Toma Draganov, Automation engineer at Mechatronics Ltd.

@DeltaEMEA @mepaxIntPR #PAuto #Food

Wednesday 28 July 2021

Checking gas analysers.

Calibration is the process of establishing the relationship between the output of a measurement and a known input. In common with most measuring instruments, gas analysers require calibration following installation, and then at regular intervals to check that they are performing to specification. Regular zero and span checks (known inputs) are necessary, but it is also necessary to check the linearity of the analyser regularly. Analyser linearity is unlikely to change after initial commissioning but if it does, errors can be substantial, so analysers should be checked regularly and/or following every major service.

Some instruments employ sealed gas cells or reference spectra for self-calibration, but a number of gases of known concentration are required for a linearity check. So, what is the best way to conduct accurate, reliable calibration and linearity checks, without incurring excessive cost?

First, where analysers are being used for compliance purposes, it is necessary to be familiar with the regulatory requirements. For example, the European standard EN14181 describes the quality assurance procedures needed to assure that Automated Measurement Systems (AMS) installed to measure emissions to air are capable of meeting the uncertainty requirements.

Under EN14181, the linearity of an analyser’s response must be checked using five different reference concentrations, including zero, all of which should be traceable. The reference concentrations shall be selected such that the measured values are at approximately 20%, 40%, 60% and 80% of the range of two times the emission limit, and the test concentrations should be applied in a randomised sequence.

After each change in concentration, the first instrument reading shall be taken after at least three times the response time of the AMS, and at least three readings shall be made at each concentration. The time period between the start of each of the three readings shall be separated by at least four times the response time.

There are two main linearity audit options:

  1. Purchase bottles of pre-prepared and certified calibration gases for each of the required concentrations,
  2. Purchase a gas divider so that one certified bottle of calibration gas can be accurately diluted to create each of the required concentrations.

The first option can be particularly expensive, and the number of bottles required can cause significant management and storage issues. The large number of gas bottles also creates greater potential for these costly purchases to run past their certified ‘use by’ date. Option 2 is therefore more popular because of its simplicity and lower cost. However, it is of course also necessary to be able to validate the gas divider…

Most commercially available gas blenders utilise mass flow controllers to manage the gases. However, they are not linear in response and therefore also need to be calibrated. For this reason, the Signal Group Model 821S Gas Divider does NOT use mass flow controllers. Instead, the 821S uses a manifold block with ten identical capillaries and a precision pressure balance regulator. A selector allows each of two gases (zero and calibration) to flow through these capillaries in ratios of 1:9, 2:8, 3:7, 4:6, 5:5, 6:4, 7:3, 8:2, 9:1 and 10:0. Consequently, including zero, it is possible to create 11 different equal increment concentrations for each calibration gas, with which to audit the gas analyser linearity.

Since the design of the 821S provides symmetrical increments, the procedure to check the accuracy of the gas divider is simple: connect the zero and calibration gas to the opposite connection and repeat the test. If the gas divider is operating correctly, the gas analyser will show exactly the same readings.

In summary, a gas divider is an extremely useful tool for checking and demonstrating the performance of gas analysers; minimising costs, simplifying procedures, and avoiding a forest of expensive gas bottles.

@GasAnalysers @_Enviro_News @EUClimateAction #PAuto #Calibration

Temperature sensor for trains.

A new variant of Variohm EuroSensor's well-proven ETP21 series temperature sensor that fulfils the demanding specifications required by the railway industry has been launched. The ETP21R builds upon the pedigree of Variohm’s EPT21 sensors that have gained a solid reputation for value, long life and high performance across many industries including autosports, heavy engineering and hydrogen production.

Based on the well proven PT100 measurement element and with 17-4PH stainless steel wetted components, the EPT21R has been tested for compliance with EN 61373 standards for shock and vibration as well as electromagnetic compatibility to EN 50121-3-2 and salt mist test according to EN ISO 9227-NSS. With a measurement range of -40 to +125 °C and a maximum static operating pressure up to 160 bar, the sensor has a 4 ... 20 mA output and a total error of +/- 2.0% FSO over a temperature range of -20°C to +85°C.

The new ETP21R features a robust 22 mm diameter stainless-steel housing with sealing to IP6X9K (EN 606029), a G1/4A-E pressure connection and an M12x1 round electrical connector for straightforward installation for railway rolling stock and apparatus applications. In addition to shock and vibration ratings of 1000 g/11 msec. and 16 g peak/20 to 2000 Hz respectively, the ETP21R’s wide supply voltage range (min. 14,4 V, max. 33,6 V), short-circuit and reverse voltage protection as well as a 100 MΩ isolation resistance at 710 VDC ensures reliable and trouble-free operation.

@Variohm @mepaxIntPR #Transport

New entry-level 3D camera.

Introducing Ensenso S, camera manufacturer IDS Imaging Development Systems shows that the use of industrial-grade 3D technology does not have to be expensive. The 3D camera is particularly suitable for 3D applications that require budget-friendly, easy-to-integrate and industrial-grade camera technology. The new Ensenso S10 has an ultra-compact, IP65/67-protected housing and generates 3D data using laser point triangulation, supported by artificial intelligence. This makes the camera suitable for a wide range of applications – and delivers robust 3D information even in low ambient light.

Ensenso S10 is equipped with a 1.6 MP Sony sensor and operates on a laser-based 3D process. A narrow-band infrared laser projector creates a high-contrast dot pattern – even on objects with difficult surfaces or in low-light environments. The camera's laser point triangulation is accelerated by a neural network and enables reliable mapping of the captured pattern points to the hard-coded positions of the projection. This results in robust and geometrically precise 3D data with high depth accuracy. At object distances of 50 cm, the maximum deviation is only 0.6 mm. At full projector power, the Ensenso S10 3D system achieves up to 20 point clouds per second with consistently high quality and resolution.

With a rugged zinc die-cast housing, a 60° field of view and a working range of 0.5 to 3 metres, the 3D camera can be used universally and is suitable for industrial applications with high cost efficiency. Combined with the proven flexibility of the Ensenso SDK, it is also quickly and easily integrated into many applications where, for example, variant objects need to be safely gripped in large numbers or obstacles need to be detected for collision-free movements of robots and UAVs. The Ensenso S10 is also at home in logistics automation as well as in robotics or in the agricultural sector. Especially high-volume and price-sensitive projects can now benefit from 3D image processing in industrial quality.

@IDS_Imaging @mepaxIntPR #Pauto 

Tuesday 27 July 2021

Subtle streaks and defects based on colour.

AMETEK Surface Vision is to take part in TAPPICon’s* TechTalk program next month (Aug 2021) before attending the pulp and paper industry conference in October.

TechTalk is a series of webinars that allows expert presenters the opportunity to explain new technology, products, and services to the pulp and paper market in a seven-minute online show.

The AMETEK Surface Vision presentation will form part of TechTalk’s Improvement Analysis Category, which will begin on August 3 at 1 PM EST.

Volker Koelmer, the company’s Global Manager Plastic, Nonwovens & Paper, will discuss “Detection of Subtle Streaks and Classification of Defects Based on Color.”

Volker Koelmer said: “I’m very much looking forward to presenting this new technology to our peers in the pulp and paper industry and answering their questions. TAPPICon’s TechTalks provide the ideal opportunity to explain how we can accurately classify defects based on color, such as blood, insects, dye clumps v dirt, and more, reducing scrap material.”

This presentation will highlight AMETEK Surface Vision’s new coating applications inspection feature, which detects subtle streaks and classifies defects based on color. This allows faster, more accurate defect detection and classification, allowing immediate action to avoid scrap material being produced. There will be a live question-and-answer session at the end of the presentation, and the final webinar will be available to view on the TAPPICon event website until November.

In addition, AMETEK Surface Vision will provide the same presentation during the New Technology Showcase at TAPPICon between Oct. 3 – 6, in Atlanta, (GA USA).

* TAPPICon is the foremost pulp and paper industry conference in the US, and offers a comprehensive technical program, multiple networking opportunities, and exhibitions.

@surfacevision #PAuto #Vision

Videos of conference available.

The CAN in Automation (CiA) association has announced access to the video-recorded presentations of the 17th iCC. This way, anyone who missed the conference is still able to experience it. Get the link to all iCC videos, including the CiA webinars, presentation slides, and iCC proceedings.

In June 2021, the first digital international CAN Conference (iCC) closed its “windows”. It was the first time that CiA had organised an online conference. On the four-day 17th iCC, CAN experts talked about history, presence, and future of CAN. The theme was “From Classical CAN via CAN FD to CAN XL”. About 100 engineers from 35 companies attended this event.

For those, who missed the conference, the opportunity to watch the video-recorded presentations is available. CiA offers for a fee of €200 euro for non-members and €150 for members access to the needed links for all iCC videos including the iCC accompanying webinars plus presentation slides. The iCC proceedings (€96 euro) are available for those, who just want to read the information provided on the conference.

Applications my be made by email here

Those who first want to get an impression of the iCC, CiA also provides preview videos of all iCC papers and webinars free of charge on its Youtube channel: 

@CANopen  #PAuto #Communications

Camera breaks through GigE barrier.

• 16 MP global shutter enables precise measurement of large objects
• Lossless Compression enables 60% higher FPS (from 7FPS to 12 FPS @ full resolution)
• High QE and low noise yield a low Absolute Sensitivity Threshold (4.1 photon AST)
• Superior quantum efficiency (69% QE @ 525nm)
• Excellent low-light performance (2.34 e- read noise)
• BSI pixels enable less expensive, more compact optics
• High sensitivity (High QE and Low AST) reduces lighting system requirements
• Replace multiple low-resolution cameras with this single high-resolution camera
The latest additions to the Teledyne Flir Blackfly S GigE camera lineup – the BFS-PGE-161S7M and BFS-PGE-161S7C deliver a high-resolution sensor in a compact form factor, superior price to performance ratio and exceptional low-light performance. The 16 MP Sony IMX542 (Pregius S series) features back-illuminated sensor pixel (BSI) technology, significantly improved quantum efficiency (QE), reduced pixel sizes, and enables the use of less expensive and more compact optics.

These new Blackfly S cameras also take advantage of Flir's new Lossless Compression feature, delivering up to 60% higher frame rates without compromising on image quality. This value driven combination enables further cost reductions by replacing several low-resolution cameras with a single unit, delivering higher frame rates, lower bandwidth utilization and lower lighting system requirements. 

These new Blackfly S global shutter cameras with BSI technology are suitable for a range of applications – from PCB and semiconductor inspections to metrology and scientific research among several others. 

@flir @mepaxIntPR #PAuto #Camera

Where's the data?

Selecting appropriate product data in engineering is often time consuming. However, the new EPLAN Data Portal, with a new user interface and improved search algorithms, makes it easier and faster than ever before. Expanded search parameters mean that users can quickly find exactly the components they are looking for. Individualised solutions based on configurators can be intuitively generated – as demonstrated by the Lenze product configurator.

Timm Hauschke
EPLAN Director Cloud Business Master Data Timm Hauschke says: “The aspiration for high quality from the manufacturers coincides with the demands of our users. After all, only comprehensive, integrated, end to end data forms the foundation for the digital twin, which provides information for processes and to machines along all the stations of the process, from design engineering to manufacturing. The EPLAN Data Standard is being implemented worldwide since its introduction. Our goal is for device data to be available 100 percent digitally, thus providing the ideal foundation for highly efficient engineering.”

The new EPLAN Platform is on the verge of being released and will also mark the moment when the EPLAN Data Portal will exclusively be available for use in the EPLAN ePulse cloud environment. The platform’s updated user interface offers numerous enhancements for searching for and finding device data. Improved search algorithms and parameters make it much easier for users to quickly find the appropriate components to download. Increased system performance also ensures greater speed when selecting components. Another new feature is the integration of the Lenze product configurator.

Configurators streamline product selection

Lenze Easy Product Finder
Lenze Director of Team Processes and Data Bernd Spiegel explains: “The direct integration of our product configurator into the new EPLAN Platform lets customers very quickly find the product they need. There’s no need to search for devices in extensive lists and customers get the devices that match their requirements. Aside from which, this cooperation also provides benefits for Lenze as a manufacturer of many products and variants. Maintaining the data for the configurator in EPLAN Electric P8 is much easier for us than doing that for all the distinct variants of a product series.”

A real life example: A user needs a frequency inverter. Using the Lenze Easy Product Finder, said user needs just a few steps to find a suitable device from the company’s i550 series of devices. The defining characteristics such as rated power, supply network type, and the type of fieldbus network are included as selection criteria. Once users have decided on a particular device based on these parameters, the associated EPLAN data can be generated in the detail view and then imported into the CAE solution’s device management.

The configurators of additional manufacturers, including Endress+Hauser, Bosch Rexroth and Rittal, all work in a similar way. This makes each manufacturer portfolio easily accessible to design engineers. Selecting devices and acquiring high quality data is easy and intuitive. The data is up to date and can be transferred directly into projects. Similarly to configuring features for a new car, users are guided through the various product families of the assorted manufacturers. Integrating configurators doesn’t just expand the data available in the portal (more than 1 million data sets) by approximately two million configurable variants, it also makes it easier for users to compile high quality device data.

In addition, there are selectors from Aventics, IPF and Schneider Electric that ensure fast product selection. There’s no question that the data is correct thanks to the targeted narrowing of selections via search parameters. This portfolio will soon be expanded with the offerings from two additional well known global players – meaning users have even more to look forward to.

EPLAN Data Standard becoming entrenched

EDP Rittal enclosure
More than one third of the data on the portal already conforms to the new, high quality Data Standard, and solutions provider EPLAN has set further ambitious goals: half of all the device data should meet the Data Standard by the end of 2022, if possible. This calls for further commitments from device manufacturers, many of whom are recognising the benefits of having 100 percent digital data. Big players that have been pioneers in this in the international arena include Chint (China), IFM, Pilz, Rittal and SMC (Europe), Numatics (USA) and Omron (Japan).

Pilz Vice President Customer Support International Arndt Christ says: “We’re pleased that we can now offer our customers high quality engineering data. In 2020, we decided to create our Pilz product macros to conform with the EPLAN Data Standard. The data standardisation that is currently possible, which makes using the macros easier, benefits our inhouse engineering departments in our affiliated companies and, externally, our customers around the globe. While macros previously had to be inserted into designs using value sets, today it can be accomplished using a functional template. The benefits include improved networking of data – for instance between 2D and 3D – fewer errors because the wiring connections are precisely defined, and time savings above all because the macros are standardised. The new Data Standard, particularly the functional template, is a mark of quality for our macros and meets our expectations for high quality data. We have a dependable partner for the future in EPLAN, someone we can work with to continue advancing this approach.”

@EPLAN_global @Lenze_Gruppe @Pilz_INT @RittalIreland @mepaxIntPR #PAuto #Data

Monday 26 July 2021

Final effluent monitoring.

Meteor Communications has been awarded a multi-year shared framework agreement by Scottish Water for the provision of multi-parameter wastewater quality final effluent monitoring. The contract has an estimated value of £2 million (€2.34m) and follows a competitive tendering process which began in November 2020.

ESNet Kiosk System
Bidders were invited to tender for the supply of monitoring systems that are well suited to continuous remote monitoring of final effluent. Flexibility was required in terms of the monitoring parameters; the systems should be able to operate on low (ideally solar) power in a turbulent final effluent discharge. Secure access to cloud-based data was a key requirement, in addition to minimal levels of maintenance.

The data provided by the systems will allow operators to better understand plant performance and resilience, and provide further insights into performance trends, events and pollution incidents.

Following the contract award, Meteor Communications will supply ESNET (Environmental Sensor NETwork) portable and kiosk systems in conjunction with Xylem EXO multiparameter sondes to measure final effluent water quality. The ESNET systems met the tender requirements and are ideal for this application. Meteor’s MD Matt Dibbs explains: “Historically, the installation cost and on-site maintenance requirements of final effluent monitors at smaller wastewater plants have been preclusive, but the development of ESNET systems has meant that water companies can now equip smaller rural plants with a comprehensive monitoring capability.

“There are hundreds of ESNET systems delivering water quality data from all over the UK, providing customers with high-resolution, real-time, accurate data to manage their resources with greater confidence.

“In addition to fixed applications, portable ESNETs can also be deployed in minutes; providing users with the opportunity to easily move the monitors from site to site in order to conduct short-term investigations and assessments.”

This contract award builds on the existing ESNET network in place with Scottish Water which is already providing data that can be viewed securely using the MeteorCloud™ portal on a tablet, PC or smartphone. The Meteor Data Centre is integrated with Scottish Water SCADA as well as upcoming platforms to deliver a futureproof solution.

As part of the framework, Meteor will provide training to Scottish Water personnel to build a comprehensive knowledge base around water quality monitoring to enhance understanding of works performance.

@MeteorComms @scottish_water @_Enviro_News #PAuto #Effluent

Friday 23 July 2021

Software combines digital measurement data management and SCADA.

The topic of measurement, secure access to measurement data, secure storage of measurement data as well as the visualisation and analysis of such data poses ever-increasing challenges. Among other things, this is also driven by increasingly strict IT guidelines, growing complexity of infrastructures and data protection. And all this comes in the context of rapid digital market dynamics.

The goal: Simplify the world of measurement data
Camille Bauer Metrawatt introduces the innovative SmartCollect® SC² HMI/SCADA software for managing data in a user-friendly way. Unlike some other SCADA software tools in this category, SmartCollect® SC² is based on a new state-of-the-art platform with a visually appealing 2D/3D web-based graphical user interface. The simplicity, functionality, flexibility along with the price-performance ratio are convincing.

A look at the system architecture
Essentially, it is a web-based HMI that does not require a complicated client-server architecture. The advantage is obvious. The security of the IT infrastructure stays in the hands of the user and is not affected by how a user software accesses the HMI. The user runs the application via WebGUI and the application is monitored using role-based access control (RBAC) and an AuditLog. According to the customer-specific configuration, measurement data is securely stored on a server, locally or in the cloud, and retrieved for visualisation by the web-based HMI at the frontend. In addition, many common communication protocols are available for system integration.

Deliberate simplicity despite high performance is the order of the day
Innovative functionalities are at the heart of SmartCollect® SC². For example, infrastructural overviews of measurement data can be displayed in 2D or 3D graphics as well as in single-line diagrams. A dashboard also enables you to evaluate progressions in the relevant measurement data, to analyse them with synchronised zoom functions and to derive possible trends from them. In addition to visualising events and alarms, there are export functions for the measurement data. A big plus of the software is the access to individual measuring points from the HMI of the SmartCollect® SC² directly into the respective WebGUI of the measuring devices. Here, necessary settings as well as further measurement data can be viewed and deeper analyses can be made or even individual processes can be represented graphically. Access in the Camille Bauer products is also protected against unintentional manipulation with further integrated protective functions such as RBAC, Client Whitelist, AuditLog, Syslog, Secure Firmware, 16GB SD card and Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (https). The customer can set up all the options described above flexibly. The user can implement user profiles in order to adapt them later to the corresponding users. A wide range of national languages are supported. The SmartCollect® SC² also offers a user-friendly option to process a wide variety of data including measuring devices and sensors from different manufacturers as well as virtual channels. Modern sharing, snapshot and playlist functions are also included.

The right version for every use case
There are currently 4 editions of SmartCollect® SC² available for the use cases. The Starter Edition is the best choice for smaller installations, while the Standard Edition, which comes in a Professional or an Enterprise Edition, is recommended for more than 10 measuring points. The software is then scaled to the number of measuring points and the required measurement data and optimally designed to fit the existing budget. In addition, the user is guided during the design phase in a way that makes it clear from the beginning what the software will look like and how it will function in the application. This is a big plus for creating transparency and efficiency during the offer or initialisation phase. At the same time, the software in each edition can be scaled up by taking into account any potential far-sighted adaptations and extensions. The software is used in energy distribution applications as well as in industrial and commercial infrastructures. It is therefore a good all-rounder for many areas, especially where a particular measuring unit is taken into account.

• Camille Bauer products are marketed in Ireland through Irish Power & Process.

@irishpwrprocess #CamilleBauer #Power #PAuto #Scada

Solar energy from the sea!

With new advancements in solar technology, improved construction methods, and IIoT, floating solar power plants can finally break free from the restrictions and limitations that are preventing them from taking off.

Over the past few years, countries that lack the land mass required for solar plants are turning their attention to the water-based alternative, floating solar islands. By placing solar panels on floating platforms in water bodies, valuable land is freed. As the cooling properties of water allow the panels to perform well even in high temperature ranges, they are able to function efficiently under duress. In addition, the shade provided by the floating panels reduces evaporation, helping the reservoirs that host them conserve water. At present, countries including China, Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea have installed floating solar plants with a total capacity of 2,400 MW. enough to power 240,000 households. The winning characteristics of floating solar farms have attracted investments from countries like, the Netherlands, France, Singapore, India, Vietnam, Thailand, and Sri Lanka, with an estimated value of US$380 million (€322.66).

Though floating solar plants seem to be on the rise in the green-energy industry, its greatest strength is also its biggest weakness. The floating solar plants’ susceptibility to natural phenomenon such as rainstorms, hurricanes, and extreme heat, which are common nowadays, is hindering their progress. Tidal waves, a common product of hurricanes, often contribute to irreversible damages to the system’s floats, cables, and wires. The prime example being the 2019 typhoon in Japan. High-intensity waves caused the solar panels to slump together causing a fire that destroyed the offshore power plant. This incident has brought the construction method used in the floating solar plants to the foreground of discussion. Besides unpredictable natural disasters, regular environmental conditions near water bodies, such as humidity, strong winds, and salinity, can reduce the life-span of onboard electronic equipment and consequently, the plant. Hence, the durability of the equipment used and the construction methods are the two of the main areas of focus when building a floating solar plant.

Another significant challenge is the daily maintenance of plant assets. The offshore floating systems are more difficult to maintain than their onshore counterparts based on accessibility alone. Since the latter can be accessed by motor vehicles whereas the former requires a boat, making daily maintenance a huge challenge. As the technology matures, plants are becoming bigger in size, making this already difficult task a near impossible one, leading to dire consequences. For example, the floating solar plant in Anhui Province, China, utilizes a coal mine pit filled with water to host 160,000 solar panels. Maintenance workers use paddle boats to repair the equipment and clean the pond every day. When a typhoon hits, bringing with it torrential rainfall and tidal waves, worker’s lives are put in harm’s way.

Traditionally, power plants have relied heavily on regular inspection of sites, which involves assigning on-duty employees to perform daily inspections of each and every equipment. As a result, these inspections become fixed expenditures regardless of the equipment condition. Time is often wasted on routine check-ups of functioning devices, and, when something does breakdown, on traveling between the shore and the deployment site for the correct repair tools. Another common scenario is unexpected power deficiency even on a sunny day. Since a malfunction, the cause, and the location of the problem cannot be easily identified from the onshore control center, inspectors must check each and every floating module until the issue is found. It is like trying to find a needle in a haystack, time-consuming and tedious. In addition, the limited transport options and other factors such as the climate and the direction of the water stream make inspections strenuous and hazardous, reducing maintenance proficiency.

In recent years, the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is being used in floating solar plants to overcome the maintenance challenges. As one of the initial providers of IIoT-based solutions, Moxa has first-hand experience of the effective use of IIoT to improve operations and maintenance in green-energy projects.

Over the past decade, Moxa has been working with GreenPowerMonitor, a world-renowned independent software vendor for over 2,000 solar power plants worldwide. The Moxa IIoT connectivity solution allows owners to monitor the power generation and equipment conditions through a SCADA system in real time. It can also perform maintenance checks on devices when malfunctions occur. The SCADA platform will be configured to automatically send an alarm and generate a maintenance task on the system, which can then be tracked by the owner. Armed with the knowledge of what and where the malfunction is, inspectors can repair the devices in a timely manner by being at the right place with the right tools at the right time. Experience has shown that the efficiency of a power station with a central monitoring and maintenance system can increase by at least 20% compared to others without such a system.

Furthermore, the data collected through IIoT can be used to preemptively determine the potential failure rate of equipment in close proximity with water bodies by comparing its performance under different circumstances. New Machine Learning algorithms can be deployed to enable owners to perform predictive maintenance on their equipment to avoid permanent damage. For example, when the temperature inside a device rises due to increase in humidity, the life span of the device could be significantly shortened. Information from Machine Learning algorithms can help the owner gain predictive insights into their devices. And, when a set humidity state is about to be reached, a warning can be issued or corresponding measures can be automatically initiated.

IIoT’s predictive abilities can also be applied to green energy forecasts and grid-connected technology to get real-time predictions and effectively control power generation from grid-connected renewable energy sources. To take this leap, first and foremost, we need a stable network for data transportation from remote offshore equipment to the onshore control center. GPM and Moxa have created a connection backup solution to prevent complete network disconnection in situations like this. This solution allows the data to be transmitted via a backup channel within 20 milliseconds while the network is being restored as opposed to the industry standard of 80 milliseconds, ensuring uninterrupted flow of information.

@MoxaInc @OConnellPR #Power #IIoT #SCADA

Equipment and methods for fast molecular analyses.

Food product safety is a field of application for molecular analysis solutions.

Increased safety in food production and other process applications is the declared aim of the joint venture between Endress+Hauser and Hahn-Schickard. To this end, both partners have established Endress+Hauser BioSense GmbH based in Freiburg (D). Its aim is to enable rapid, on-site molecular analyses for the detection of bacterial or viral contamination in water and beverages, genetic modifications in food or contaminated milk.

The research and development service provider Hahn-Schickard has been working closely for many years with the Department of Microsystems Engineering at the University of Freiburg to develop rapid diagnostic tests that can detect extremely small concentrations of infectious pathogens with portable instruments. The joint venture is now aiming to transfer this technology from the field of medical diagnostics to industrial process and laboratory automation applications.

During the first few months, Endress+Hauser BioSense will operate in spaces located at the university and Hahn-Schickard. Next year the company will move into the university’s innovation center, FRIZ, currently under construction on the campus of the Faculty of Engineering. The start-up will thus expand Endress+Hauser’s activities in Freiburg, where developers are already working on new sensor technologies, biosensors and Industry 4.0 solutions.

In the development of equipment and methods for molecular analyses for process and laboratory environments, Endress+Hauser BioSense will be working closely with IST Innuscreen GmbH in Berlin, which is also part of the Endress+Hauser Group. IST Innuscreen offers a broad portfolio of nucleic acid isolation and molecular diagnostics products and among other things supplies kits and assays for PCR diagnostics.

Experienced leadership team 

The joint venture is 75 percent owned by Endress+Hauser, with the remaining 25 percent held by Hahn-Schickard. Dr Nicholas Krohn (left), who has in-depth knowledge and experience in the field of food analysis, will serve as managing director of the new company. Dr Stefan Burger (middle) and Dr Martin Schulz (right), two long-time employees of Hahn-Schickard who obtained their doctorates in the field of molecular diagnostics at the University of Freiburg, will round out the management team.

@Endress_Hauser @Endress_UK @hahnschickard #PAuto #Food

Thursday 22 July 2021

Protection for industrial robots.

Industrial Robot has IP67, Foundry Plus 2 and cleanroom ISO 4 versions, enabling new applications in harsh and contamination-free production environments

ABB’s 6-axis IRB 1300 industrial robot includes new protection elements that enable it to be used in tough industrial applications and contamination-free production processes, opening new opportunities for increased productivity, improved product quality and reduced cycle times in a variety of industries including electronics assembly, automotive and metals fabrication, amongst others.

“The addition of cleanroom and harsh environment capability enables us to offer the benefits of the IRB 1300 to a whole new set of manufacturing applications in industries renowned for their tough nature or their need to be contamination-free,” said Darren Hung, Global Product Manager – Small Robots for ABB. “The IRB 1300 is the perfect partner for a wide variety of tasks including materials handling, machine tending, polishing, and assembly and testing, and can now help more businesses achieve new standards of speed and accuracy as they develop solutions to lift and handle heavy, complex or irregular shapes, even in small workspaces.”

Originally launched in 2020, the IRB 1300 is now available in IP67, Foundry Plus 2 and cleanroom ISO 4 versions. This will expand its use in tough environments, with high levels of liquids and dust. This is achieved by preventing intrusion by sealing all electrical components, which enables in a variety of processes in industries including electronics manufacture, Automotive, and metals fabrication.

For added protection in metals applications including metal die casting, sand casting, forging and machining, the Foundry Plus 2 version includes the use of stainless steel on the end effector. This will prevent rusting that can occur when liquids are applied to wash away dust particles and metallic debris. By helping to protect against premature wear, this feature can help to prolong the robot’s service life, minimizing disruption caused by downtime and unscheduled repairs.

For applications requiring a clean production environment, in industries such as pharmaceuticals and semiconductor manufacturing, the IRB 1300 ISO 4 cleanroom version features a number of measures to help eliminate the risk of contamination. Key features include the use of chemical resistant exterior paint which helps avoid paint degradation when using cleaning agents that protect against bacteria. The robot’s design also minimizes the number of gaps where bacteria could form, providing an added level of protection, while a particle filter and a fully sealed design prevent grease, oil and particles from coming into contact with the products being handled.

Featuring a footprint of just 220 mm by 220 mm, the IRB 1300 is ideal for use in confined spaces, enabling more robots to be deployed in a specific area if required. It is available in three main versions - 11 kg/900 mm, 10 kg/1150 mm and 7 kg/1400 mm. The 11kg payload for the 900 mm reach variant is higher than any other competing robot in its class.

Powered by ABB’s OmniCore™ controller, the IRB 1300 offers advanced motion control and best-in-class path accuracy, allowing it to handle an expanded range of applications such as polishing and machine tending.

To maximize the versatility of the IRB 1300, the OmniCore controller can be equipped with a range of additional equipment, including fieldbus protocols, vision solutions, and force control. OmniCore also offers a simple user interface on the intuitive FlexPendant, which features a large multi-touch display with standard gestures such as pinch, swipe and tap, allowing users to easily program and operate their robot.

@ABBRobotics #PAuto #Manufacturing

Indoor air quality.

Ashtead Technology has launched two new air quality monitors that will help building and facility managers to protect people from toxic gases, as well as airborne particles and viral aerosols.

The TSI 8144-4 measures formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, carbon dioxide, temperature/RH, particulates and barometric pressure. This instrument therefore provides the ideal solution for monitoring the most important parameters for optimal indoor air quality.

The TSI 8144-6 monitors the same parameters, but instead of formaldehyde it measures ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide. This means that the TSI 8144-6 is ideally suited to buildings in urban or industrial locations, where air drawn from outdoors may be polluted.

Ashtead’s Josh Thomas said: “High demand is coming from organisations that need to monitor carbon dioxide (CO2) in the workplace as this has been linked to higher Covid-19 infection rates.

“The TSI monitors can detect when people have spent too long in a confined space, exhaling carbon dioxide, and potentially coronavirus aerosols. We offer the TSI 8144-4 monitor for sale at just £815, and the TSI 8144-6 for £1,210, which means you can monitor the most important indoor air quality risks with an instrument that can be installed in under ten minutes.”

@ashteadtech @_Enviro_News #Environment #Safety

Gas detection in water treatment.

When choosing a gas detector for use in water treatment applications, engineers should focus on simple, efficient, proven products from a supplier experienced in the provision of end-to-end solutions for this challenging marketplace. Teledyne Gas & Flame Detection can offer a wide repertoire of detectors based on a number of effective sensor technologies

As a process, the treatment of wastewater has a number of inherent hazards, namely the generation of flammable and toxic gases such as methane (CH4) and hydrogen sulphide (H2S). Furthermore, oxygen (O2) enrichment and ozone (O3) can present safety risks if the process requires technologies that use these gases, while for pH control some water treatment plants rely on carbon dioxide (CO2), which can be toxic and create an oxygen deficiency hazard.

Toxic chemical gases such as ammonia (NH3) and chlorine (Cl) are common in the preparation of drinking water, which means leak detection is essential to identify any emissions from storage or processing equipment.

Essential protection

Water treatment plants can protect staff and contractors from the dangers of explosion, intoxication and fire by ensuring portable gas detectors form part of their personal protective equipment (PPE). Indeed, for temporary or mobile use in confined spaces, Teledyne offers a wide range of portable gas detectors designed to meet the requirements of the water/wastewater sector.

Of course, many more advantages accrue from combining portable detectors with their fixed counterparts. Fixed gas detectors help deliver the appropriate process automation levels required to reduce running costs and manage risk with minimal operator intervention.

As well as averting health risks, careful product selection can also minimise the gas detector’s total cost of ownership (TCO). H2S, for instance, can corrode metals like steel, copper and brass, which means a gas detection sensor housed in stainless steel is a wise choice.

Technology decisions
Another critical selection decision involves the type of sensor technology, which for gas detection typically centres on electrochemical, semiconductor, infrared (IR) or catalytic.

For water treatment plants that want to monitor O2 deficiency or enrichment, or the presence of low levels of toxic gases such as H2S or Cl, electrochemical sensors are the common choice. A popular pick here is the Teledyne DGi-TT7-E intelligent gas detector. This easy-to-use product features an integral daylight-readable alphanumeric display that indicates local status and alarm level.

The selection of semiconductor sensors, which have a longer operating life under harsh operating conditions than their electrochemical counterparts, usually occurs where very high concentrations of H2S are present, or where ambient temperature or humidity is high. With its high reactivity, strong signal stability and long operating life, the Teledyne CTX 300 fixed detector for O2, CO2 and other toxic gases, is a popular solution. The CTX 300 transmits data in record time, while maintaining the unit is easy thanks to its pre-calibrated sensors and optional LCD display.

IR sensors are preferable for the detection of explosive gases such as CH4 or CO2, or for very corrosive atmospheres containing high levels of H2S. Here, detection is based on the fact that each gas absorbs light on a specific wavelength in the infrared spectrum. Notably, the robust nature of IR sensor cells from Teledyne Gas & Flame Detection means they require only one annual maintenance routine and come with a five-year guarantee. A case in point is the Teledyne GD10 series IR gas detector, which differs from all other models because it utilises silicon-based solid-state IR sources that carry a 15-year warranty. Teledyne Gas & Flame Detection offers the longest combined detector and IR source guarantee on the market.

The most common alternative to an IR sensor is a catalytic sensor, which is not as durable but consumes less power. As many water treatment plants are in remote locations and take advantage of solar energy, this factor can prove attractive. Among the Teledyne recommendations here is the DG-TX7 intelligent gas detector, which houses a pair of OXYCOL catalytic sensors.

Teledyne Gas & Flame Detection can also provide sampling kits for the water treatment industry, for applications such as areas highly saturated in H2S.

As with all gas detection tasks in the water treatment sector, it is essential to ensure the technology is adapted to the application. Strong concentrations of gas, either immediate or accumulating over time, along with harsh and/or corrosive operating environments, demand proven products. But each application is different, so consulting with a specialist is vital in defining the optimum solution for any particular requirements.

@mepaxIntPR #Teledyne #Water #Pauto

Only flame arrester of its kind.

The pre-volume deflagration flame arrester for pressure measuring arrangements from WIKA has an IECEx approval in addition to its ATEX approval is the only one of its kind. It is thus gaining broad international acceptance.

The safety device (model 910.21) fulfils the requirements of the harmonised standard EN ISO 16852:2016 “Flame arresters …”. WIKA combines them with Ex-approved measuring instruments and diaphragm seal systems to form a fixed unit. Such a measuring arrangement is suitable for mounting to zone 0.

The pre-volume deflagration flame arrester prevents a potential passage of the flame from the instrument into the process side, in the event of a failure. A marking on the measuring arrangement indicates the point at which the protected side begins.

• WIKA products are marketed in Ireland through Instruments Technology.

@WIKANews #PAuto #Ex

Wednesday 21 July 2021

Catalogue of the year.

Mouser Electronics has received 2020 Americas e-Catalog Distributor of the Year, APS e-Catalog Distributor of the Year, and European e-Catalog Distributor of the Year honours from Molex. The global distributor has received the European award for three consecutive years and the Americas and APS (Asia-Pacific) awards for two years in a row.

Mouser received the e-Catalog Distributor of the Year awards for helping Molex achieve outstanding financial growth in e‑catalog sales, as well as for attaining significant customer growth for Molex in the regions.

“For several years, the Mouser team has exhibited consistently high performance, achieving exceptional sales growth and customer acquisition in every key region around the world,” said Fred Bell, Vice President of Global Distribution at Molex. “Mouser has played a key role in contributing to the overall success of Molex in key industries over the past year, and we look forward to continuing to build that momentum.”

“On behalf of Mouser, we are thrilled to win these prestigious awards. The strength and depth of our relationship with Molex has led to our mutual success, which is a testament to the exceptional hard work from our teams around the world,” said Jeff Newell, Senior Vice President of Products at Mouser Electronics. “Mouser continuously strives to offer our customers the widest selection of Molex products, and we’re proud to receive this award.”

• Mouser previously earned the Global e‑Catalog Distributor of the Year award in 2019, 2015, 2014, and 2013, the European and APS e-Catalog Distributor of the Year awards in 2019 and 2018, and the Americas e-Catalog Distributor of the Year award in 2019. Mouser Supplier Manager Tom Bila won the Molex MVP award for 2013 as well.

@MouserElecEU @MouserElec @MolexConnectors @Publitek #PAuto #Electrics

Signal processing software upgrade.

Anritsu Corporation has released of a Signal Processing Software Option-098 adding upgraded functions for evaluating PAM41 differential electrical signals to the BERTWave Sampling Oscilloscope MP2110A.

This new option supports standards-compliant measurement of IEEE 802.3 optical-module2 electrical interfaces, speeding up communications in data centers and mobile networks by upgrading evaluation efficiency for 50 to 400G optical modules using PAM4 technology.

Development Background
Data centers are currently switching to PAM4 optical modules to cope with the large increase in communications traffic on mobile networks. Additionally, in line with the need for easier configuration of flexible networks, PAM4 optical modules for communications support many more communications speeds, ranging from 50 to 800 Gbit/s, than the conventional NRZ3 technology.

Optical modules support long-distance communication by converting electrical signals from network equipment into optical signals. With conventional optical modules using NRZ technology, showing that optical interfaces could connect equipment from multiple vendors was regarded as important, while similar proof of the interconnectivity of electrical interfaces was seen as unnecessary.

However, with PAM4 optical modules supporting different speeds, the various module types must also be supported at the equipment side. Furthermore, under the conventional system, network equipment and optical modules were procured from the same vendor, but the drive to cut costs is seeing users source equipment and modules from different vendors.

In these circumstances, interconnectivity must be assured, not only between interfaces at the optical side but also at the electrical side. Assuring this interconnectivity requires strict evaluation based on the IEEE 802.3 PHY-layer standards.

To meet these upgraded interconnectivity requirements, while continuing to support PAM4 optical interface measurements, Anritsu has now added support for measurement of IEEE 802.3 PAM4 electrical interfaces to its popular MP2110A, used by many makers as a sampling oscilloscope for manufacturing optical modules.

Product Outline
The BERTWave MP2110A is an all-in-one instrument combining a sampling oscilloscope for evaluating communication-signal waveforms and a BERT for measuring bit error rates. Various upgrade options are available for customizing the number of sampling-oscilloscope channels, etc., to configure a cost-effective test environment matching requirements. Fast, all-at-once and parallel measurement of four channels assures high production-line throughput.

This newly released Option-098 adds new support for measurement of PAM4 electrical interfaces to the current support for the various IEEE 802.3 PAM4 optical modules now on the market. Measurement using the IEEE 802.3 digital filter and equalizer is also supported. Moreover, the new Embedding/De-embedding function4 facilitates calibration of the measurement environment, including cables, etc. Installing the built-in Clock Recovery Option-054 permits configuration of a trigger-signal-free measurement environment.

BERTWave™ MP2110A Features 

  • Simultaneous built-in single/dual/quad-channel sampling oscilloscope and BERT
  • Sampling oscilloscope with world-beating sensitivity for analysis of optical signals from 26-Gbaud NRZ to 53-Gbaud PAM4 plus optional built-in clock recovery unit
  • Fast and stable measurement using built-in PC.

1: PAM4 - Abbreviation for Pulse Amplitude Modulation technology for increasing transmission capacity using amplitude modulation; PAM4 transfers 2 bits of information at four levels in one timeslot.
2:  Optical Module - Hot-pluggable optical transceivers supporting interconnections between electrical and optical signals used for high-speed data communications; connections between equipment use electrical signals and optical-fiber-cable connections use optical signals for data transmission.
3:  NRZ - Abbreviation for Non-Return to Zero digital signal transmission technology. 
4: Embedding/De-embedding Function  - The Embedding function is used to observe the signal-attenuation condition when adding cables and PC boards. Conversely, the De-embedding function uses software signal processing to calibrate the unattenuated signal condition to observe the signal immediately after the DUT by simulation.

@AnritsuEMEA @Anritsu @NapierPR #PAuto #TandM